Guide to Epileptic Seizures in Cats

< Veterinary Compounding




Epileptic Seizures in Cats



This article outlines the problem of epileptic seizures in cats, how to diagnose, and standard treatment options for cats suffering from epileptic seizures. 



Seizures, Convulsions, Status Epilepticus in Cats


Epilepsy in cats is a disease that is characterized by convulsions (seizures), and sometimes the two terms are confused.



giving topical meds to catsSymptoms and Types of Seizures in Cats



A seizure may have several symptoms or only a few, including:



  • Loss of consciousness
  • Muscle contraction
  • Hallucinations
  • Involuntarily urination, defecation, drooling (salivation)
  • Loss of recognition of owner
  • Vicious behavior
  • Pacing
  • Running in circles




Phases of Seizures in Cats




A typical seizure will have three components. In the first (aural) stage, the cat’s behavior will be out of the ordinary. It may hide, seem nervous, or search for its owner. It may be restless, shaking, or drooling (salivating). The aural phase may last from a few seconds to a few hours. The second phase is the seizure itself and will last from a few seconds to about five minutes. All of the muscles of the body may contract.



The cat may fall on its side and seem unaware of what is going on. The head will be thrown backward by the convulsions. It will probably urinate, defecate, and drool (salivate). If this lasts more than five minutes, the seizure is said to be prolonged. A seizure is frightening for the onlooker, but you need to know that the cat is not in pain. To avoid being bitten, do not put your fingers in its mouth. You will want to protect the cat from hurting itself, but it is better to leave it on the floor.



The cat will need treatment if its body temperature rises dramatically. Following the seizure, the cat will be confused and unaware (disoriented). It will drool and pace. There may be temporary blindness. The length of this phase is not related to the length of the seizure itself. If your cat is having a seizure, pay attention to the details. Your veterinarian will need specific details to make the proper pre-diagnosis.



You should observe breathing patterns, motion or rigidity of limbs, eye dilation or motion, salivation, body twisting, and muscle twitching. Your veterinarian will want to know how long the seizure lasted as well, make a note of that. Once the seizure is over, your presence and attention will comfort your cat as he regains consciousness.


Causes of Epileptic Seizures in Cats




seizures in catsSeizures may be caused by a variety of factors such as injury (trauma), infections, tumors, epilepsy, and ingestion of or exposure to toxic chemicals. If your cat has a seizure, the first goal should be to figure out what caused it. A seizure should not be left untreated because it may be the first indication of an underlying disease.



Veterinary Diagnosis of Epileptic Seizures




Your veterinarian will need to take a thorough history. Possible head trauma or exposure to poisonous or hallucinogenic substances will be one of the main concerns. The physical examination will include a complete blood test and an electrocardiogram (EKG) to rule out disorders of the liver, kidneys, heart, and blood.




Treatment Options for Cats with Epileptic Seizures




If a cause for the seizures cannot be found, your veterinarian may send you home with anticonvulsant therapy. Further treatment will be based on how soon the next seizure occurs. If seizures are frequent, more tests will be justified. If the seizures last more than five minutes and occur as often as every 30 days, your veterinarian may prescribe continuous anticonvulsant therapy.




Felines: Living and Management of Recurring Epileptic Seizures



Follow your veterinarian’s directions regarding the medications. Anticonvulsant medication should not be discontinued suddenly. Your veterinarian will provide guidelines for when the medication should be discontinued.






Featured Pet Compounds


  • Methimazole Transdermal Cream

    Methimazole cream is used in the treatment of hyperthyroidism by inhibiting the production of the thyroid hormone in the thyroid gland

  • Gabapentin Vet Suspension

    Gabapentin Is Used To Treat Seizures and Relieve Pain for Dogs and Cats

  • Fluoxetine Transdermal Cream

    Fluoxetine is used for separation and other sources of anxiety in dogs and cats


  • DES Capsules

    Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a synthetic female hormone that is used to treat urinary incontinence in spayed female dogs

  • Tramadol for Animal Pain

    A synthetic opiate agonist, Tramadol is used to treat pain in a variety of animals

  • Doxycycline Vet Suspension

    Doxycycline is a semi-synthetic tetracycline antibiotic, which may be used in dogs, cats and horses.


  • Prednisolone Transdermal Cream

    Prednisolone is a powerful anti-inflammatory medication that treats inflammation from allergies, auto-immune diseases, and more

  • Cisapride Vet Suspension

    Cisapride Vet Suspension Compounded is used in dogs and cats to alleviate vomiting and other digestion-related issues

  • Amlodipine Transdermal Cream

    Amlodipine is used to treat high blood pressure in cats and dogs along with some forms of heart disease



Don’t see the compound your pet needs? Click below to request a customized quote from our lab, or provide us with your veterinarian’s name and contact information; we can provide him or her with more information about compounding, or coordinate to provide the solution best for your special animal at the best pricing.





Let Us Know How We Can Help You and the Animals in Your Care



A caring veterinarian working closely with a compounding pharmacist can improve the health and happiness of your pet or competition animal.



Free Shipping


If you fall outside our local delivery range, as an official US Postal Substation, we can also easily ship your medications to you. We ship most medications for free, and also offer expedited shipping if you need. As we grow, we also serve patients and prescribers in multiple states.


free shipping on compoundingOur compounding lab currently offers FREE shipping to anywhere in Florida, Wisconsin, Washington, and Arizona!



Call (813) 254-1888 or contact us and ask about our tailored pet medication solutions!


Related Pages


  • Applying Topical Meds to Pets

    Your vet prescribed a transdermal medication for your furry friend. Now what?

  • Pain Management

    Compounding allows you to alleviate pain, targeting the exact cause of your pain and avoiding many of the side effects of typical pain solutions.

  • Administering Liquid Meds to Cats

    It can be tough getting your cat to swallow liquid meds. Click for the secret...